Pathology

 Custom made insoles Sole-med  for musculoskeletal pathologies

A pair of Sole-med can help relieve pain and discomfort when walking, exercising, or performing everyday tasks. The most common pathologies that needs custom made insoles are:

Flat Feet

Flat feet (also called pes planus or fallen arches) is a postural deformity in which the arches of the foot collapse, with the entire sole of the foot coming into complete or near-complete contact with the ground. An estimated 20–30% of the general population have an arch that simply never develops in one or both feet.

There is a functional relationship between the structure of the arch of the foot and the biomechanics of the lower leg. The arch provides an elastic, springy connection between the forefoot and the hind foot so that a majority of the forces incurred during weight bearing of the foot can be dissipated before the force reaches the long bones of the leg and thigh.

Hallux Valgus

A bunion is a deformity of the joint connecting the big toe to the foot. The big toe often bends towards the other toes and the joint becomes red and painful. The onset of bunions is typically gradual. Complications may include bursitis or arthritis. The exact cause is unclear. Proposed factors include wearing overly tight shoes, family history, and rheumatoid arthritis. Diagnosis is generally based on symptoms and supported by X-rays. A similar condition of the little toe is referred to as a bunionette.

Metatarsalgia

Metatarsalgia is a general term used to denote a painful foot condition in the metatarsal region (the area just proximal the toes, more commonly referred as the ball-of-the-foot). It is a common inflammatory condition occuring most frequently in the second, third and/or fourth metatarsophalangeal joints, or isolated in the first metatarsophalangeal joints. This is a disorder that can affect the bones as well as joints at the plantar forefoot. Metatarsalgies are often accompanied by excessive callus formation over a bony protrusion, with severe pain and pressure sensitivity around the callus.

Plantar fasciitis

Plantar fasciitis causes pain in the bottom of the heel. The plantar fascia is a thick, weblike ligament that connects your heel to the front of your foot. It supports the arch of your foot and helps you walk. Plantar fasciitis is one of the most common orthopedic complaints. Your plantar fascia ligaments experience a lot of wear and tear in your daily life. Normally, these ligaments act as shock absorbers, supporting the arch of the foot. Too much pressure on your feet can damage or tear the ligaments; the plantar fascia becomes inflamed, and the inflammation causes heel pain and stiffness.

Heel spur

A heel spur is an abnormal growth of bone at the area where the plantar fascia attaches to the heel bone. It is caused by long-term strain on the plantar fascia and muscles of the foot, especially in obese people, runners or joggers. As in plantar fasciitis, shoes that are worn out, poorly fitting or poorly constructed can aggravate the problem. Heel spurs may not be the cause of heel pain even when seen on an X-ray. In fact, they may develop as a reaction to plantar fasciitis and they can also be found in people without pain or problems in the heel.

 Morton's neuroma 

Morton's neuroma  is a benign, or non-cancerous, growth of nerve tissue that develops in the foot, usually between the third and fourth toes. It is a common and painful condition.It is also known as Morton's metatarsalgia, Morton's disease, Morton's neuralgia, Morton metatarsalgia, Morton nerve entrapment, plantar neuroma, and intermetatarsal neuroma.It is due to a swollen nerve in the ball of the foot, normally between the base of the third and fourth toes.

 Toe disorders 

Toe deformities are pathological deviations of one or several toes from the anatomical norm. The most common deformity is hallux valgus, a lateral deviation of the large toe at the metatarsophalangeal joint. The etiology of hallux valgus is multifactorial and includes biomechanical instability, poorly fitting shoe wear, neuromuscular diseases, and connective tissue disorders. It presents with pain and inflammation of the metatarsophalangeal joint. Treatment options include special footwear and custom made insoles.